Are you as fascinated as I am with two ancient kingships along the Nile, Egyptian and Nubian? The first relief (raised carvings on a flat background) is Egyptian, the photo courtesy of Charlie Phillips.
Relief of Seti I (an Egyptian pharaoh) making a devotional offering to two gods–Horus. Temple of Seti I, Abydos, Egypt.
It’s interesting to compare Egyptian reliefs with that of Nubian King Arnekhame, Horus, and his wife at the Musawwarat es-Sufra. This temple is one of the most beautiful ancient monuments still surviving in present-day Sudan. No historical documents survive from his reign. Because his temple relief’s are so beautiful and powerful, archaeologists believe that Arnekhamani supported growth of art and architecture. He and his dynasty also promoted the worship of the Meroitic lion god Apedemak, who became as important to the Meroitic people as Amun. Meroi was the Nubian city in lower Egypt, once under the leadership of Egypt when “lower Egypt” was considered the Egyptian frontier. Kushites (Nubians) kept moving south and much to their delight, discovered iron! This amazing discovery which supported agricultural prosperity also allowed them a military advantage, and they conquered upper Egypt. Later they were driven out by Assyrians, but Merio was a key center for iron technology.